Inclusive Growth – Gender Inequality, Structural Transformation, and Human Development in Sub-Sahara


Juliet U. Elu




This paper considers the effects of export-led inclusive growth on gender inequality, structural transformation, and human development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Inclusive growth was designed to address the welfare of less advantage. As economic growth appears to decrease with respect to gender inequality for developing nations, reductions in gender inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa—where it appears to be particularly pernicious―could matter for improvements in human development and inclusive growth. Growth can be defined as inclusive if it increases the social opportunity of the average population in terms of their living standard.  We estimate the parameters of a Quantile growth model specification to determine how the growth experience in Sub-Saharan Africa has affected income growth across the entire distribution of income and human development. Our estimates will enable a determination of how sensitive inclusive growth is to the level of gender inequality, and suggest whether or not policy interventions aimed at increasing export can eliminate gender inequality and promote inclusive growth.

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