Is Regional Integration Harmful Or Beneficial For Agricultural Productivity? The Case of ECOWAS

Juliet Elu and Gregory Price**


In this paper we consider whether regional integration is harmful or beneficial agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa. We examine the case of countries who are members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Even though ECOWAS was created in 1975 to promote cooperation and improve the standard of living for member countries, the process of sub-regional integration in Sub-Saharan African and other parts of the world has also been a source of external shocks for output.  We estimate the parameters of a simple model of agricultural productivity with panel data to identify the effects of ECOWAS on agricultural productivity. Our results will inform the extent to which regionalization can be a policy intervention that can raise agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa particularly ECOWAS.

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